Diabetes mellitus is a serious disease that requires lifelong and timely treatment. The advanced stage gives complications to the heart and develops the risk of stroke. Complications often occur in people who discover the problem late. If you have at least a few of the symptoms listed in this article, you should immediately see a doctor. Before discussing the symptoms, let’s have a look at the causes of high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
Causes Of Hyperglycemia
- Drinking Wine: By drinking wine and alcoholic beverages, the blood sugar level increases to a dangerous level. Those who are addicted to alcohol and have diabetes should really get rid of this addiction. There are special rehab centers that can help them in this regard.
- Forgetting To Take Medicine: When a diabetic patient forgets to take medication, it increases the sugar level of the blood.
- Not Exercising: You need to exercises regularly, especially when you are a diabetic patient. Otherwise, you may have to face hyperglycemia.
- Overeating: Not having a balanced diet or overeating can also increase the sugar level in the blood.
Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar
The kidneys secrete more urine in diabetes, so the body becomes permanently dehydrated. With frequent urination, a lot of fluid gets out of the body. Due to it, a person instinctively wants to replenish by absorbing a lot of water. So it is the first indication of high blood sugar. However, there can be another reason for intensive thirst too. These include exercising extensively, drinking alcohol, etc.
2. Frequent Urge To Use The Toilet
Sugar in this disease does not get broken down properly in the body, so these parts remain in the bloodstream. The kidneys respond to the presence of excess sugar and work very hard to flush glucose out of the body. Due to this, it produces increased amounts of urine. As a result, a person has to go to the toilet again and again.
3. Blurry Vision
Glucose continually accumulates in the lens of the eye, causing double vision and distorted images. When the blood sugar level drops, vision returns to normal. Therefore, if you have a temporary problem with blurry vision, you should go to a doctor and get tested. It is not good to delay such signs.
4. Increased Hunger
With diabetes, the body becomes insulin resistant. An elevated blood sugar level stimulates the production of large amounts of insulin; after a meal, the glucose concentration drops sharply. A person becomes hungry and starts eating again, constantly wanting sweet and starchy foods. Though the desire to eat increases, you should eat food only in a small portion.
5. Tingling In The Legs
Prolonged high blood glucose levels damage the nerves in the arms and legs. This is the so-called diabetic neuropathy. It is characterized by unpleasant numbness and tingling of the arms and legs, muscle cramps, and pain at night. Coordination worsens with the course of the disease. However, if you have tingling in the legs, it can also be a sign of excessive exercising.
6. Weakness And Fatigue
When appropriately eaten, insulin converts food into glucose. The body uses it as energy. With diabetes, the body becomes insulin resistant, and the cells in the body simply stop producing energy. The person becomes tired quickly. If you don’t sleep enough at night, ignore your diet, and don’t have a healthy lifestyle, it can also lead to weakness and fatigue.
7. Chronic Headaches
Changes in blood sugar concentration lead to debilitating headaches. The faster your glucose level falls or rises, the more your head hurts. This is a protective reaction of the cerebral vessels to serious hormonal changes. Not having enough light in the room, spending more time on a computer, and taking stress are other possible reasons for chronic headaches.
With a sudden drop or weight gain without diets and other reasons, you can think about diabetes. Weight loss occurs at a rapid pace in type 1 diabetes mellitus; it is characterized by a deficiency of insulin.
There is strong dehydration of the body; it begins to burn muscles for energy. With type 2 diabetes, a person gains weight rapidly, as there is an excess of insulin, which accumulates fat.
9. Frequent Bouts Of Nausea
In type 2 diabetes, a feeling of nausea of fullness of the stomach often occurs; this is due to high levels of insulin in the blood. However, if you have such kind of situation after traveling, it can be a sign of travel sickness.
10. Itchy Skin And Hair Loss
High blood sugar levels impair the function of the sweat and sebaceous glands. The skin becomes dry, sensitive, and irritated. The protective functions of the skin get reduced, and it becomes susceptible to various allergens, toxins, and infections.
The narrowing of blood vessels prevents the flow of nutrients to the hair follicles, from which they gradually die off and fall out. If you have itchy skin and losing hair at a steady speed, you should visit a doctor.
11. Dry Mucous Membranes
This is the most common symptom of the disease due to high blood glucose levels. Frequent urination constantly lowers the level of water in the body. And, if there is a lack of it, unpleasant dryness of the mucous membranes appears.
12. Cuts And Wounds Do Not Heal
When blood sugar levels are high, blood vessels constrict, blocking the access of oxygen and blood to the wounds. They do not last for a long time due to lack of nutrients and, in the worst case, start to fester. Therefore, if your cuts and wounds do not heal for a longer time, it’s a warning sign of hyperglycemia.
High blood sugar is a serious health problem that can lead to the development of other serious diseases. Therefore, if any of the above signs appear in combination, you should not take it lightly. Do not delay and visit a doctor as soon as possible.